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Почему ребенок во сне скрипит зубами и что с этим делать
23.12.2020 209 819 296 Игорь

Почему ребенок во сне скрипит зубами и что с этим делать

Здоровье и красота / Здоровый образ жизни

У скрежета зубами есть научное определение - бруксизм. Обычно он бывает у детей, но иногда встречается и у взрослых. Если заглянуть в заметки статистам, то выясняется, что скрипят зубами от 1 до 3% населения планеты, в том числе и взрослые люди. Процент детей, от которых слышен скрежет зубов - 50%. Обычно, он проявляется в младшем возрасте, и чаще у девочек.

Почему ребенок во сне скрипит зубами и что с этим делать? Бруксизм может появиться по ряду причин. Нужно в них разобраться и предпринять соответствующие меры.

Формулировка

Бруксизм (скрип или скрежет зубами) - это сокращение мышц жевательного аппарата (клонические судороги), во время которого нижняя челюсть с силой прижимается к верхней, а затем двигается под давлением. К этому термину относятся и стуки зубами, чавканье, сглатывание слюны. В среднем, приступы ночного скрежета длятся 5-7 секунд, в результате чего учащается сердцебиение, становится порывистым дыхание и повышается артериальное давление. 

Дневной бруксизм может проявляться реже. К нему также относится сосание пальца и кусание/сосание губы.



Причины

Учеными не установлена основополагающая причина, по которой у человека во время сна скрипят зубы. Но медики выделяют следующие: 

  1. Первая причина - переполнение ребенка энергией. Гиперактивные дети могут страдать бруксизмом. Часто, дети с нарушениями эндокринной системы и неправильным прикусом страдают от ночного скрипа зубами.
  2. Вторая причина - стресс. Детская психика еще не научилась полностью преодолевать ежедневные стрессовые ситуации. А ночью в организме происходят клонические судороги, в качестве реакции на этот стресс.
  3. Третья причина - неврологические заболевания. Может проявляться в результате постоянного нахождения ребенка в стрессовых ситуациях.
  4. Четвертая причина - наличие глистов в организме ребенка. Гельминты потребляют витамин B, и из-за его нехватки происходят нарушения в нервной деятельности. А это приводит к скрежету зубами. Как показывает практика, это самая последняя причина, по которой проявляется бруксизм.




Если продолжительность ночного скрежета менее 10 минут, это считается нормой. Если более, то желательно сделать обследование.

Последствия

 

Скрежет в ротовой полости негативно сказывается на здоровье эмали зубов. Продолжительный бруксизм может привести к раскрашиванию и ломке зубов. 

Скрип зубов косвенно намекает на стрессовое состояние ребенка или проблемы с его нервной системой (из-за продолжения стресса или нехватки витамина B в организме). Еще, малыш может испытывать сильные головные боли при бруксизме. Поэтому, заметив признаки заболевания, обратитесь к неврологу и стоматологу.




Если игнорировать проблему, в будущем это может вылиться в: 

  • патологию в развитии зубов или всего жевательного аппарата, если ребенок сильно сжимает челюсть.
  • преждевременную потерю зубов;
  • заболевания желудочно-кишечного тракта;
  • иные проблемы со здоровьем.

Общие рекомендации

Доктор для каждого ребенка подбирает индивидуальное лечение. В основном оно связано на снятие стресса. В период лечения, вам, как родителю придется чаще находить время для своего чада. Общие рекомендации по снятию стресса:

  1. Ограничивайте по времени последний прием пищи ребенка. Не позже чем за 2 часа до его сна.
  2. Для перекуса давайте ребенку овощи и фрукты, которые утомят его челюсти днем и снизят риск бруксизма ночью. Такими продуктами являются морковь и яблоко.
  3. Избегайте активных и подвижных игр до сна.
  4. Это касается волнующих фильмов, сказок и рассказов.
  5. Постарайтесь вместе с ребенком отказаться от ночного просмотра телевизора, планшета или смартфона.
  6. Почитайте малышу спокойным голосом мирную сказку, а чтобы расслабить тело малыша еще больше, искупайте его в теплой воде с хвойными добавками.
  7. Перед сном поговорите с малышом. Спросите его о сегодняшних радостях и огорчениях. И дайте ему возможность рассказать, выслушайте его. В такие моменты, ребенок почувствует защиту и может рассказать вам об инцидентах в детском саду или школе.



Доктор порекомендует препараты, которые справляются с ночным бруксизмом на раз-два:

  • специальная шина для расслабления мышц жевательного аппарата;
  • капа по индивидуальным слепкам, выполняющая защитную функцию зубов;
  • витамины, направленные на улучшение состояния нервной системы;
  • теплые и влажные компрессы для челюсти.
Запомните! Лечить бруксизм нужно и делать это намного проще с сегодняшнего дня, чем через пять-десять лет, с массой вызываемых им побочных заболеваний.

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